battle of edington facts

Previously, the Vikings had come to raid and settle around the coast; this force came to conquer.

After hearing of Guthrum's success, the Frisian Viking leader Ubbe Ragnarrsson led a fleet of 23 ships from South Wales to northern Devon near the fortress of Arx Cynuit, intending to corner Alfred in a pincer movement.

[3] After the sacking of Lindisfarne the raids around the coasts were somewhat sporadic till the 830s, when the attacks became more sustained. The best he could hope for was to consolidate his current possessions. This started in 875 when Guthrum's army “eluded the West Saxon levies and got into Wareham”. The Anglo-Saxon warrior Leofric of Winchester killed the treacherous ealdorman Wulfhere, who had sided with the Danes, only to suffer an axe wound to the neck and die of his wounds. Connect with us on Facebook. Alfred was finally convinced that the Vikings would keep their word, and Wessex was generally at peace with the Vikings for the next ten years. [Rom.

The Oxford Companion to British History. WHY Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. From there they marched in force to Edington, where Alfred challenged Guthrun to do battle.

Edington parish church. However, the date of retrieval is often important. In January 878, during the Christmas festival, Guthrum and his army of cavalry raiders surprised Alfred at his royal estate at Chippenham, nearly ending Alfred there and then. Interested in participating in the Publishing Partner Program? ", A History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume 8: Warminster, Westbury and Whorwellsdown Hundreds (1965), Asser's Life of King Alfred: Asserius De Rebus Gestis Ælfredi, Charter S.646 referring to a meeting held at Edington in 957 by the king's councillors, Charter S.765 giving land from Edington to Romsey Abbey in 968. Bannockburn, battle of, 1314. [47], Also in 879, according to Asser, another Viking army sailed up the River Thames and wintered at Fulham. Alfred the Great, Guthrum and the Battle of Edington. There, Danish law and custom applied. [15] In addition, in 875 Guthrum had lost the support of other Danish lords, including Ivar and Ubbe. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. However, Alfred managed to contain this threat by reforming his military and setting up a system of fortified cities, known as burghs or burhs. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Further Danish forces had settled on the land before Guthrum attacked Wessex: in East Anglia, and in Mercia between the treaty at Exeter and the attack on Chippenham; many others were lost in a storm off Swanage in 876-7, with 120 ships wrecked[16] Internal disunity was threatening to tear the Danes apart, and they needed time to reorganize. In addition to the customary hostages and leaving Wessex for good, the Vikings promised that Guthrum would be baptized as a Christian. [30] File:Edendonedb.png, Alternatives to Edington, Wiltshire, have been suggested since early times. They held the northeast area of the country.

The Danes settled into their new kingdoms, the Danelaw, and a general peace existed for over ten years.

By the 10th century the Anglo-Saxon model of kingship seems to have been universally adopted by the Anglo-Danish leadership.

A ferocious battle ensued as the two shield walls crashed against one another, fighting all day. [6] By 870, the northmen had conquered the kingdoms of Deira and East Anglia, and in 871 they attacked Wessex. Encyclopedias almanacs transcripts and maps.

fact lexicon with terms going straight to the point. [19][44] It is possible that the enforced conversion was an attempt by Alfred to lock Guthrum into a Christian code of ethics, hoping it would ensure the Danes' compliance with any treaties agreed to. The Vikings’ purpose was to conquer the kingdoms completely, yet the battle of Edington in 878 stemmed the tide and a tentative alliance was drawn up, splitting the country in two between English-ruled territory and lands administered by the Danes (the Danelaw). THE BATTLE Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites: He later founded a monastery on the island as a thank-offering for his victory. [27] A charter records a meeting of the king's council at Eðandun, although a later scribe has annotated the same document with Eðandune. This was even more true after the Twelfth Night attack. The first major battle of the English Civil War was fought 23 October 1642, Parliament was led by the Earl of Essex, the royalists by Charles I and Prince Rupert, The battle was indecisive but both sides claimed victory, In the night of 4 Nov/5 Nov Guy Fawkes is discovered in the cellars under the Palace of Westminster with gunpowder, part of a plot to kill James I during the state opening of Parliament, This sickly monarch died at the age of 16, leaving the throne to his elder sister. When Spring arrived, he summoned his forces and marched to Edington, where he challenged the Northmen to a battle. The arrival of a Danish "great army" in East Anglia in 865 marked the start of a new phase of Viking attacks on Britain. Alfred succeeded in forcing the Danes to withdraw to Mercia, but the reprieve was brief. Guthrum, in turn, ordered that no mercy be showed to the Anglo-Saxons. Only the victory of Alfred the Great at Edington saved Anglo-Saxon independence.

Skorpa then rode in between the shield walls and threw Iseult's severed head at Uhtred, taunting him about showing no mercy. British troops under Arthur Wellesley (Wellington)…, Bannockburn, battle of By 878, despite their defeat at the Battle of Ashdown, the Vikings controlled the east and north east of England. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. With his small warband, a fraction of his army at Chippenham, Alfred could not hope to retake the town from the Danes, who had in previous battles (for example at Reading in 871) proved themselves adept at defending fortified positions. Vimeiro, battle of, 1808.

In a fierce battle that lasted all day, Alfred's men wore down the Danes. The West Saxons cheering before the battle.

Alfred the Great had spent the winter preceding the Battle of Edington in the Somerset marsh of Athelney, the nature of the country giving him some protection. It was under Alfred that the Viking threat was contained. Battle of Edington, (6–12 May 878). Alfred and a handful of followers, pursued by some of Guthrum's best warriors, fled west into the marshlands of the Somerset Levels, setting up his base on the island of Athelney and preparing to make a final stand with his last 400 followers. Alfred's fyrd used a tactic familiar to the Roman infantry, called a shield wall. In the meantime, more information about the article and the author can be found by clicking on the author’s name. Let us know.

In May 878 he rode out to challenge the Danes at Edington (Ethandun) outside the now Danish-held fortress of Chippenham. The first Viking raid on Anglo-Saxon England is thought to have been between AD 786 and 802 at Portland in the Kingdom of Wessex, when three Norse ships arrived and killed King Beorhtric's reeve. After fighting for much of the day, the Danes fled to what became the Danelaw, surrendering at Chippenham, their own fortress, after a 14 day siege. THIS STONE, PRESENTED BY F. SWANTON AND SONS, NORTH FARM, WEST OVERTON, IS A SARSEN STONE SIMILAR TO THOSE AT KINGSTON DEVERILL, THE AREA WHERE KING ALFRED RALLIED SAXON LEVIES FROM HAMPSHIRE, WILTSHIRE AND SOMERSET TO MARCH AGAINST GUTHRUM'S VIKING ARMY BASED AT CHIPPENHAM. [25][26] Edington, Wiltshire, is known to have been part of Alfred's family estate. Battle of Edington, (6–12 May 878).

Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids! Battle of Edington -- (May 878) was a battle which took place near Edington (then known as "Ethandun") in the county of Wiltshire in South west England. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The primary sources locate the battle at "Ethandun" or "Ethandune", and until a scholarly consensus identified its location with the present-day Edington in Wiltshire it was known as the Battle of Ethandun, a name which continues to be used.

Alfred’s Wessex controlled the south and west, Viking Danelaw the north and east. The solution he evolved was the encouragement of burhs, or fortified towns. Historica Wiki is a FANDOM Games Community. [10] The Danes promptly slipped off to Exeter, even deeper into Alfred's kingdom, where they concluded in the autumn of 877 a "firm peace" with Alfred,[9] under terms that entailed their leaving his kingdom and not returning. A defeat at Ashdown had paused, but not halted their advance. After the victory, when the Danes had taken refuge in the fortress, the West Saxons removed all food that the Danes might be able to capture in a sortie, and waited. [14] The next day, Alfred's host moved to Iley Oak, and then the day after that to Ethandun. Corrections? They launched a winter attack on a surprised King Alfred at his court of Chippenham. From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core.

Source for information on Edington, battle of: The Oxford Companion to British History dictionary. At the Battle of Edington an army of the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Wessex under Alfred the Great defeated the Great Heathen Army led by Guthrum on a date between 6 and 12 May AD 878. [48] Over the next few years this particular Danish faction had several encounters with Alfred's forces. A smaller Danish force broke and fell back to their fortress at Chippenham, and the Saxons killed everyone who did not make it back in the fortress. The victory at Edington forced Guthrum to abandon Wessex, and Alfred resumed control of the entire kingdom, ensuring that the last Anglo-Saxon kingdom survived the Viking onslaught. [24][28] In 968, another charter reported that King Edgar had granted land at Edyndon to Romsey Abbey.

There, with a few of his supporters, he held out through the winter. Its arrival began "a new stage, that of conquest and residence". …that routed the Danes at Edington. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. The Battle.

WHEN May, 878 AD WHERE Ethandun (Edington), near Trowbridge, Wiltshire WHO Danes under Guthrum vs. Saxons under King Alfred of Wessex WHY Alfred’s warriors, fighting on foot, confronted the Danes with a dense shield wall. [33] Although most early historians had sited the battle as in the Edington, Wiltshire area, the significant interest in the subject encouraged many antiquarians to dig up Alfredian sites and also to propose alternatives for the location of the battle.

Britain Express is a labour of love by David Ross, an avid historian, photographer, and 'Britain-ophile'. Alfred the Great was a … [9] They then gave hostages and oaths to leave the country to Alfred, who paid them off. Although these articles may currently differ in style from others on the site, they allow us to provide wider coverage of topics sought by our readers, through a diverse range of trusted voices. At the Battle of Edington an army of the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Wessex under Alfred the Great defeated the Great Heathen Army led by Guthrum on a date between 6 and 12 May AD 878, soon resulting in the Treaty of Wedmore later the same year.

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