The average duration of the adult stage is roughly 14 to 27 days after the butterfly emerges from the chrysalis depending on the quality of the environment (i.e. Egg: Yellowish, ribbed and oblong in shape.
Some species are poisonous, especially the bright red Passiflora manicata. It is not unusual for a caterpillar to crawl off its host plant to molt. University Press of Florida, Gainesville. Photograph by Jaret C. Daniels, University of Florida. Black Death is NOT a Disease – What is it? The average duration of the egg stage in the life cycle for gulf fritillaries is roughly between three and five days depending on the temperature of the environment. Its underwings are buff, with large silvery spots. The role of host plants is also integral to the oviposition of gulf fritillaries, as the female butterflies lay their eggs on or near the host plant. The first major migration involves huge populations of butterflies flying northward while the second migration involves the butterflies moving southward throughout the state, especially throughout the peninsular parts of Florida. Plant maypops in your yard, and they will come! 1965. After the male ceases wing movement, the male butterfly will move into a position that facilitates genital contact with the female. In some cases, a species may be common throughout the county, in others it may be found in only a specific habitat. The Gulf fritillary or passion butterfly (Agraulis vanillae) is a bright orange butterfly in the subfamily Heliconiinae of the family Nymphalidae. Various passionflowers (Passiflora spp.) Individual vagrants may occasionally reach into the central U.S., but rarely into the Midwest. Agraulis vanillae is most commonly found in the southern areas of the United States, specifically in many regions of Florida and Texas. The average duration of the copulation process including the wing clap display is approximately 11 seconds. The butterfly undergoes distinct seasonal movements each year. Literature: Howe 1975; Neck 1996; Wright 1993. , Eggs are small and spherically shaped; the female gulf fritillary lays the eggs individually one by one on or near the host plant. , Both male and female gulf fritillaries possess certain defensive glands located on their abdomens that serve as a defense mechanism against predators, especially avian predators such as birds. Adults move northward in spring and form temporarily breeding colonies throughout the southeast. Larvae develop through several stages (instars) before forming a brown chrysalis. "NatureServe Explorer 2.0 Dione vanillae Gulf Fritillary", "Male-specific structures on the wings of the gulf fritillary butterfly, Agraulis vanillae (Nymphalidae)", "Biology and Migratory Behavior of Agraulis Vanillae (L.) (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae)", "Lepidopteran Foodplant Records from Texas", "Migration of Agraulis vanillae (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae) in Florida", "Courtship Behavior of the Gulf Fritillary, Agraulis Vanillae (Nymphalidae)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gulf_fritillary&oldid=984041420, Fauna of the California chaparral and woodlands, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 October 2020, at 20:16. In spring they migrate northward and by the end of summer they may be seen as far north as North Dakota. Underneath, the silver spots are not rimmed with black. They tend to sprout near the original planting location, and these shoots may be potted up and shared with friends. That subfamily was formerly set apart as a separate family, the Heliconiidae. 250 pp.
The use of nuptial gifts in the mating process, especially when females mate with multiple males, relates to the idea of female choice in deciding egg fertilization. It takes its common name from its migration over the Gulf of Mexico.
Finally it fans its wings out and takes flight. Where Gulf Fritillary caterpillars are all orange with possible gray long stripes, Variegated Fritillary caterpillars have white patches on their bodies. White Twinevine Milkweed – Funastrum clausum. Colder temperatures are associated with a longer time frame whereas warmer temperatures are associated with a shorter time for pupal development. Mature larvae of the Gulf fritillary butterfly, Agaulis vanillae Linnaeus, on corkystem passionflower, Passiflora suberosa L. (Passifloraceae). However, It is now known that the gulf fritillary caterpillar does not use the vanilla plant. Plants for Butterfly Gardens in the Southwestern U.S. John Heyse. Gulf fritillaries are found primarily in the southern parts of the U.S., such as many regions of Texas and Florida. Baracoa Skipper. OE and Chrysalises Pupae – Monarch and Queen – Ophryocystis elektroscirrha, OE – Ophryocystis elektroscirrha – Monarch Butterfly. The host plant for this species is passionvine; Passiflora species. The Gulf fritillary is commonly seen in parks and gardens, as well as in open country. Figure 2. The records analyzed here are only a beginning. Common Name: Gulf fritillary Eggs are yellow when freshly laid and turn a rusty color before they hatch. The Lepidoptera of Florida; an annotated checklist. These fast-growing vines need supporting structures like an arbor or fence. Which Passion Vine Species are Safe for Butterflies? In addition to the size difference between the two sexes, females are usually darker in color and are more marked with black streaks as compared to the males. Map; Gulf Fritillary Butterfly (Agraulis vanillae) Type and Coloration. Gulf fritillary, Agraulis vanillae incarnata (Riley) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae), adult. When the caterpillar is ready to pupate, it makes a silk mat and in the silk mat, makes a little silk button. Ophryocystis elektroscirrha, Eastern Tiger Swallowtail – Papilio glaucus, Firecracker Plant – Cigar Plant – Cuphea ignea, Firecracker, Upright – Russelia sarmentosa, Firecracker, Weeping – Russelia equisetiformis, Flowering Trees are Nectar Sources for Butterflies, Freezing Milkweed Leaves for Emergency Use, Frequently Asked Questions about Butterflies and Moths, Goatweed Leafwing Butterfly – Anaea andria, Great Purple Hairstreak – Atlides halesus, Green vomit, diarrhea, and writhing caterpillars, Hercule’s Club Zanthoxylum clava-herculis Butterfly Host Plant for the Giant Swallowtail Butterfly, How Shady Oak plays a role in butterfly research and conservation, How to Safely Transport or Ship Butterflies, Indigo Spires Salvia – Salvia ‘Indigo Spires’, Little Metalmark – Calephelis virginiensis, Many Trees Are Host Plants for Butterflies (And Moths), Milkweed Tiger Moth (Milkweed Tussock Moth), Monarch Butterfly Aberration With White Scales, Monarch Butterfly Caterpillars Eat Pumpkin, Monarch Butterfly Decline and Tropical Milkweed.
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