siege of giarabub

Les Australiens ont reconnu les défenses de Giarabub les 12 et 16 mars, trouvant une piste à travers les marais du sud et une brèche dans le câble frontière suffisamment grande pour les véhicules. The start of the siege saw a garrison of approximately 800 Italians and 1,200 colonial troops at Giarabub under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Castagna.

An Italian sniper stalked the machine-gun posts to no effect. Two sections advanced into the Italian position and found that Post 42 had been abandoned. La compagnie B sur le flanc gauche avait avancé et avait repris contact avec le QG du bataillon à 10 h. Dans le nord, la déviation de la cavalerie dans la vallée de Pipsqueak vers l'aérodrome a commencé à 6 h 15, une heure après l'attaque de la redoute sud. Il y a eu des échanges de tirs et depuis Ship Hill, les mitrailleurs australiens ont pu frapper les défenses italiennes autour de l'oasis et supprimer plusieurs positions.

Le 6e régiment de cavalerie divisionnaire australien (6e ADCR) commença le siège en décembre 1940 et isola l'oasis, laissant la garnison italienne dépendante de la Regia Aeronautica . The Australians were outgunned and withdrew after Italian infantry in trucks and three Italian fighter aircraft arrived. [1]

By dark they had reached the south-eastern corner, where the wire had been covered by sand. [2] Gullies and re-entrants had been entrenched and barbed wire laid out around the village. [17], Two companies of the 2/9th Battalion were to attack, covered by fire from the mortars and machine-guns on Ship Hill and the 4th RHA.

An Italian force in trucks tried to outflank the reconnaissance party and were driven off by artillery.

Un terrain d'atterrissage avancé a été établi par la RAF au-delà de Siwa, mais le manque d'avions l'a rendu superflu.

The town of Giarabub lay to the west of the salt marsh, which extended some 24 km east to west.

Les douze canons de la 4e RHA tireraient sur les objectifs initiaux, puis se souleveraient sur le deuxième objectif; les mitrailleuses et les mortiers de Ship Hill devaient donner un feu de couverture une fois que l'infanterie avait avancé. The Australians were forced back by artillery fire and the post re-occupied, Breda cannons at the post being used to keep the Australians at a distance. Avant l'heure zéro, les entreprises chefs de file se sont rassemblées au milieu d'une autre tempête de sable.

By midday the Australians had entered the fort and ended the siege.

Les Australiens ont été repoussés par les tirs d'artillerie et le poste a été réoccupé, les canons Breda au poste étant utilisés pour maintenir les Australiens à distance. [7][8][9], On 20 December, C Squadron conducted a secret reconnaissance of the outer defences of Giarabub. Les Italiens semblaient trop abasourdis par les bombardements pour offrir beaucoup de résistance et les Australiens atteignirent rapidement la première ligne de collines. [10] On 8 January 1941, a relief convoy was destroyed by the Royal Air Force (RAF) near Giarabub.

Fire of the mortars and machine-guns on Ship Hill and from a machine-gun detachment with A Company, covered the Australians as they captured the fifth knoll, just after 9:00 a.m.[23].

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