The second level has columns formed by shells, acanthus and vines. The site also contains an observatory, the Mausoleo de los Hombres Ilustres and the Chapel of Virgen del Patrocinio. It is organized by the Instituto Zacatecano de Cultura with support from the Escuela de Musica of the Universidad de Zacatecas as well as other local and national entities. The largest of these are the Leobardo Reynoso in Fresnillo, Miguel Aleman in Tepechitlan and El Chique in Tabasco. The municipality was established in 1825.  The Museo de la Ciencia (Science Museum) is located in the old central building of the Universidad Autónoma de Zacatecas and contains collections documenting the advances of physics, mathematics and natural sciences. The center of each city listed is within 55 km of Zacatecas, Mexico.  These riches supported the establishment of new settlements along with the building of elegant churches and mansions as the area became one of the most important of New Spain . The southeast of the state belongs to the Lerma River basin, which eventually empties in the Pacific Ocean. In 1965, the building was robbed of many of its precious metal items, which were never recovered.
Your email address will not be published. Built on the steep slopes of a narrow valley, the town has views of the area. Wikimapia is an open-content collaborative map project contributed by volunteers around the world. , From the end of the War of Independence until nearly the end of the 19th century, liberals or federalists and conservatives, who favored centralized rule from Mexico City, battled for control of Zacatecas.  UNESCO's websites states the following as justification. Such festivals often focus on recitals of traditional dances such as the Mexicapan.  The state has three main geographical regions, the Sierra Madre Occidental in the west, the Mexican Plateau and the Sierra Madre Oriental. One of the most important mines from the colonial period is the El Edén mine.
This word is derived from Nahuatl and means "where there is abundant zacate (grass)". Depiction of silver refinement during the patio process at the Hacienda Nueva de Fresnillo, Zacatecas, Pietro Gualdi, 1846. Visiting Zacatecas and clueless where to start. This place is situated in Vetagrande, Zacatecas, Mexico, its geographical coordinates are 22° 47' 0" North, 102° 35' 0" West and its original name (with diacritics) is Zacatecas.
 Zacatecas conserves many of its original structures from the colonial period such as churches, colonial government buildings and monasteries and mansions built by rich miners in pink stone. Yet he was not content and desired to return to France.
This was followed by similar finds in mines called Albarrada de San Benito, Vetagrande, Pánuco and others. The state is best known for its rich deposits of silver and other minerals, its colonial architecture and its importance during the Mexican Revolution. Those who come to live in the state arrive from Jalisco, Aguascalientes and nearby northern states. Located in north-central Mexico, the city had its start as a Spanish mining camp in the mid-16th century. For other uses, see. , In relation to its population, Zacatecas is one of the cities with the most museums in the nation. Shortly after Independence, the Mexican government established the city of Zacatecas as the capital of the newly formed state of Zacatecas. This map was created by a user. ", Before the arrival of the Spanish, dominant ethnic groups included the Caxcans, Zacatecos, and Guachichils, with a probable rivalry between the Guachichils and the Caxcans.  Two of the largest silver mines in the world currently are operated in Zacatecas: former Peñoles subsidiary Fresnillo's Mina Proaño (also known as the Fresnillo Silver Mine), and the Peñasquito Polymetallic Mine. Near this chain is another called the Sierra de Órganos.  , The Zacatecano Museum is on Doctor Hierro Street and houses a collection of Huichol art, folk retablos (ex-votos) (folk paintings giving thanks for a miracle) and wrought ironwork. , No major rivers run through the state and most of the waterways run only during the rainy season. The state gets an average rainfall of 400mm per year mostly in the summer, with the warmest and wettest part of the state is along the Sierra Madre Occidental. It is bordered by the states of Durango to the northwest, Coahuila to the north, Nayarit to the west, San Luis Potosí and Nuevo León to the east, and Jalisco, Guanajuato and Aguascalientes to the …  Zacatecas, city, capital of Zacatecas estado (state), north-central Mexico. Located in the southern part of the state, it lies in a deep narrow ravine, about 8,200 feet (2,500 metres) above sea level. Zacatecas, Zacatecas.
The Mrs. Butler quote (translated from the Spanish) was obtained from the newspaper "Sol de Zacatecas" of March 3, 2011 on page 4A with the title "Catedral de Zacatecas: otra leyenda sobre su fachada principal" and authored by the City Historian. The settlement grew over the space of a few years into one of the most important cities in New Spain and the most populous after Mexico City. Today it houses the state supreme court. The name comes from Nahuatl and means "of the gods." ... Zacatecas Vacation Packages Flights to Zacatecas Things to Do in Zacatecas Zacatecas Travel Forum Zacatecas Photos Zacatecas Map Zacatecas Travel Guide.
, The most important sectors of the municipal economy are mining, which employs about 21% of the population, livestock to which 76% of the surface area is dedicated and commerce, which employs over 70% of the population. It contained European paintings and elaborate silverwork and goldwork until the 1850s and ’60s, when most of them were confiscated by reformists.  Despite the fact that there is still a significant amount of minerals left to extract, mining operations ceased in 1960, because the entrance is located in the middle of the city making this too hazardous. Only 12.3% have finished university level studies. Who occupied the city is not known, with speculation relating to Teotihuacan, the Purépecha and the Toltecs. During the colonial era the mines around Zacatecas yielded as much as one-fifth of the world’s silver production.
Other events include charreadas and bullfighting. General Leobardo C. Ruiz International Airport, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México Estado de Zacatecas Zacatecas", "La ciudad de Zacatecas, joya del mundo novohispano", "Fin de semana en la ciudad de Zacatecas", Itz.edu.mx: Instituto Tecnológico de Zacatecas, "Universidad Politécnica de Zacatecas-Fresnillo", "UNESCO Regional Office to be Installed in Zacatecas", SERVICIO METEOROLÓGICO NACIONAL – NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS 1951–2010, "Normales climatológicas para el Estado de Zacatecas", "Zacatecas (76525) – WMO Weather Station", El Pinacate y Gran Desierto de Altar Biosphere Reserve, Rock Paintings of Sierra de San Francisco, Sanctuary of Jesús Nazareno de Atotonilco, Agave Landscape and Ancient Industrial Facilities of Tequila, Earliest 16th-century monasteries on the slopes of Popocatépetl, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Zacatecas_City&oldid=985720490, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible nickname list, Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Articles needing additional references from April 2017, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source 1: Servicio Meteorologico Nacional.  There are also halls dedicated to works from Africa, India, Egypt, China and Greece. The sacristy contains some of the sculptures from the original main façade. There is some industry related to food processing, textiles, wood products, paper and mining equipment as well as the making of crafts such as sarapes, stonework, leather and precious metals. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). It was a ceremonial center, part of the Chalchihuite culture, active between 200 and 1000 CE. , Ecosystems vary depending on relief, soil and temperature, leading to a wide variety of vegetation, including forests, scrub and grasslands.  These activities account for just over ten percent of the state's GDP. On Good Friday, a large procession called the "Procession of Silence" is held.
The war ended in 1821 and Zacatecas formally became a state in 1824, with the city of Zacatecas as its capital.  In 1550, royalty found its way to Zacatecas in the person of Leonor Cortés Moctezuma, the illegitimate daughter of conquistador Hernán Cortés and Isabel Moctezuma, daughter of the Aztec emperor. Commentdocument.getElementById("comment").setAttribute("id","a79516841fa69196092be3fa07e166c5");document.getElementById("fd9ffb329a").setAttribute("id","comment"); Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.  The donkey is often painted or otherwise decorated.  The success of the mines led to the arrival of indigenous people and the importation of black slaves to work in them. Zacatecas is located in North-Central Mexico. , Most of the territory has a cool, dry climate, although areas in the south have more moisture, with most rain falling between June and September. , On June 23, the town commemorates the Battle of Zacatecas at the Cerro de la Bufa and the Plaza de Armas with cultural events and fireworks. This museum is dedicated to historic relics with the main collection being 5,000 masks made of wood. The cathedral, noted for its highly carved portico, was begun in 1612 and completed in the mid-1700s.  The city is known for its clear air and clean streets, with garbage cans placed every ten meters in the city center. In the Shadow of the Giant: The Americanization of Modern Mexico, Rutgers University Press, 2009. The façade contains an image of a winged Victory.  The annual event began in 1940 and received more than two million visitors each year since 2002. The archaeological sites of today are all ceremonial centers and/or observatories in the center of metropolises. The binocular icon that you see in the Zacatecas map are the various attractions and must-visit places to visit Zacatecas. , The city's chamber music festival has been held annually since 1993.  The Zacatecos initially fought the permanent presence of the Spanish, but the mining potential of the area strengthened the Europeans’ resolve and the natives were defeated in the 1540s.
The market side portal is Baroque and is dedicated to the Virgen del Patrocinio, patron of the city. The first house was supposedly built in 1547, just before the fortress and metal foundry.
As in the past, the state's dominant sector is mining, accounting for 13% of the state's GDP and .9% of the entire country's.
 Like other mining cities in Mexico, such as Guanajuato and Taxco, the city was built near the mines on very rough terrain. The building housing the museum was originally the Casa de la Caridad y Hospital de Pobres. They officially took possession of its religious functions in 1603. The Hotel Quinta Real was built by Mexicans Ricardo and Roberto Elías Pessah and contains 49 suites. The Spanish defeated the Caxcans during the Mixtón War in the 1540s.
A big city usually has a population of at least 200,000 and
, La Quemada is located fifty km south of the city of Zacatecas, the state's largest pre Hispanic settlement.
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